In just eighteen months, 6m TEU of newbuilding contracts have been added to the container ship orderbook. This has taken the orderbook past 6.5m TEU for the first time since late 2008.
The orderbook is now 26% of the fleet size for the first time since 2014 and, combined with YTD 2022 deliveries, 6.2m TEU are now scheduled to be delivered during 2022-2024.
In addition to the newbuilding deliveries, we must expect that congestion problems around the world will eventually begin to ease. This could release as much as 2m TEU effective supply on top of newbuilding deliveries, and the total additional supply appears to be on target to exceed 8m TEU between early 2022 and early 2025, representing 33% of the current fleet size in just three years.
In the meantime, on the other side of the supply equation, demolition and sailing speed are very likely also headed for substantial changes. A share of the fleet will not be able to comply with EEXI targets without retrofits or introduction of Engine Power Limitation (EPL). Some vessels may, however, have no good path to compliance while remaining commercially attractive and will be demolished.
The vessels that do achieve EEXI compliance will also be faced with CII introduction on 1 January 2023 as well as shipping’s likely inclusion in the EU’s Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). This will add further pressure on reducing GHG emissions and some vessels may simply be considered uneconomical to keep in operation. Others may have to slow down further to achieve the desired CII rating.
Most owners probably already have plans in place for their individual vessels. However, accurately estimating the impact of EEXI, CII, and ETS on the entire fleet is extremely difficult.
All that seems certain is that we will see more vessels demolished and others reducing speed. Because of the reduced speed, liner operators may have to add an additional vessel to several services. Still, unless demand surprises on the upside it appears unlikely that all the capacity being delivered and released from congestion can be absorbed without damaging the supply/demand balance in the coming years.
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