aerial map showing Red Sea and Gulf of Aden

Updated threat assessment for Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Bab al Mandeb Strait, Northwest Indian Ocean

Published: 07 June 2023

A new Internationally Releasable Threat Assessments (IRTA) has been issued by Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) and EU Naval Forces. It is the assessment that the threat from Somali pirates and from terrorists is “benign” i.e. lower than low.

However, there are threats related to the ongoing conflict between in Yemen between the Saudi-Led coalition and the Houthi rebel group. These threats are perceived as low for general shipping, but moderate to substantial to ships involved in the conflict in Yemen or engaged in oil activities near Yemeni ports.


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Jakob Paaske Larsen


Jakob Paaske Larsen

Head of Maritime Safety & Security

Copenhagen, Denmark