6 March 2014 the US President signed an Executive Order 13660 blocking the property of certain persons contributing to the situation in Ukraine.
The Executive Order allows the United States to sanction any individual or entity that they determine as responsible for, or complicit in, actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in Ukraine or that threaten the peace, security, stability, sovereignty, or territorial integrity of Ukraine. It further allows the United States to sanction persons who are involved in the misappropriation of state assets of Ukraine or have asserted governmental authority over any part or region of Ukraine without the authorisation of the Government of Ukraine.
On 17 March 2014 the President signed a new Executive Order "Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation In Ukraine". This new authority expands upon Executive Order 13660 by providing the ability to target officials of the Government of the Russian Federation, any individuals or entities that operate in the arms or related materiel sector in the Russian Federation, and any individual or entity that is owned or controlled by, or provides material or other support to any senior official of the Government of the Russian Federation or any person designated pursuant to this order.
On 20 March the President signed another Executive Order "Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation In Ukraine" expanding upon the two previous Executive Orders.
On 8 May 2014 the Office of Foreign Assets Control issued the new Ukraine-Related Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 589, to implement Executive Order 13660 of 6 March 2014 ("Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine"), Executive Order 13661 of 17 March 2014 ("Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine"), and Executive Order 13662 of 20 March 2014 ("Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine"). These regulations were published as a final rule at 79 FR 26365, 8 May 2014. In keeping with its usual practice, OFAC published the regulations in abbreviated form at this time but intends to supplement this part 589 with a more comprehensive set of regulations, which may include additional interpretive and definitional guidance and additional general licenses and statements of licensing policy.
On 16 July 2016 OFAC introduced the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List to identify persons operating in sectors of the Russian economy identified by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Executive Order 13662. Directives found within the list describe prohibitions on dealings with the persons identified.
Syria is listed as a "non-entrant country". Hence, Syrian vessels are not permitted to enter US ports, internal waters, or territorial seas except when engaged in innocent passage, under the conditions of force majeure, or distress situations involving a medical emergency.
On 11 May 2004 the President issued an Executive Order blocking assets of certain Syrian persons and prohibiting the export of certain US goods to Syria as of 12:01 eastern daylight time on 12 May 2004. Details available in the OFAC Sanctions Brochure.
In 10 August 2012 the President signed the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 [H.R.1905] which added additional measures relating to human rights in Syria.
Sanction include, but not limited to the following
- blocking the property and interests in property of the Government of Syria and that of Specially Designated Nationals (SDNs)
- prohibiting transactions or dealing with designated entities.
- prohibiting the export of certain US goods to Syria.
- new investment by US person
- prohibition of importation into the US of petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin
- any transaction or dealing by a U.S. person, wherever located, in or related to petroleum or petroleum products of Syrian origin
- any approval, financing, facilitation, or guarantee by a U.S. person, wherever located, of a transaction by a foreign person where the transaction by that foreign person would be prohibited if performed by a U.S. person or within the United States.
On January 13, 2017 EO 13761 lifted the US sanctions against Sudan for 6 months, with the potential for a revocation of those sanctions on July 12, 2017. After a further 6 months extension, the sanctions are now being revoked, effective October 12, 2017
The revocation applies to Sections 1 and 2 EO 13067 of November 3,1997 to all of EO 13412 of October 13, 2006. Sections 1 and 2 of EO 13067 blocked all property of Government of Sudan in the US and banned the importation of any goods or services from Sudan to the US as well as the exportation of any goods or services from the US to Sudan. In addition, US people were prohibited from facilitating or brokering the exportation of goods or services to Sudan from any location from financing certain projects in Sudan from extending loans or credit to the Government of Sudan or from transporting any cargo to or from Sudan. EO 13412 prohibited US people from engaging in all transactions relating to the petroleum or petrochemical industries in Sudan. All of these prohibitions have now been revoked and US people are free to engage in all transactions with Sudan.
Despite the revocation of sanctions against Sudan that country remains on the State Sponsors of Terrorism List (“SSI List”). As a result, under the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 the export and reexport to Sudan of certain agricultural commodities, medicine and medical devices still require an OFAC license. To address legislative requirement, OAFC has issued General License A which authorizes said shipments without the need to obtain specific licenses.
On 27 November 2018, the President signed an Executive Order Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Nicaragua.